Just the way you would provide a lot of attention to your car to avoid tow service, same care should be applied to your dairy cows. Cows will always come first on a dairy farm, and this is for a good reason. When farmers give their best to take care of their cows, these animals stay healthy to the point of giving delicious and wholesome milk. Animal care is quite crucial, and you should learn to give only the best to your cows.
Many people are getting into the business of keeping dairy cows with the aim of getting a fresh supply of milk. Before going into this venture, there are a couple of things you need to bear in place to have a smooth operation. You can get some animal husbandry books and also talk to a veterinarian to that you may know what to expect. To get started in this venture, there are certain things you need to keep in place;
Choosing the Right Breed
In our previous article, we have discussed various cow breeds you can go for. Every dairy breed has a different milk composition and an average production volume. The Holstein breed is well known for keeping large quantities of milk but have a little butterfat concentration as compared to the Jersey breed. If you want to make cheese, you may consider going for the Jersey. Environmental factors have become a vital player in the determining which breeds fit a certain farm. You should look for breeds that can survive in your climatic conditions.
The udder is the most important component in your dairy cow. However, it is the part that is most susceptible to infections. The common disease that affects the udder is known as mastitis. To prevent the occurrence of mastitis, you need to keep the cow clean. Keeping the cow clean is quite important especially during the time of milking and right after. One of best ways to prevent mastitis is to ensure that the cow resides in clean bedding. Closer teat cleaning is also necessary, and you should equally disinfect the teats.
Dairy cows have a special dietary needs than any other type of cattle. They require additional nutrient supplements, particularly calcium. They also need a significant amount of water to be able to produce milk properly. You should also be kept on nutritional diseases that may infest the farms. It is also advisable to read on the specific requirements of your dairy cows.
Vaccination is one of the primary ways to prevent diseases from infecting your cows. You should establish a good vaccination schedule that is tailored towards your dairy cows. You can create this plan by speaking to your veterinarian. You should also discuss the best treatments for your cows since some may cause abortions to the cows. To keep your cow ever milking, it needs to have a calf every year. The best way to prevent calfing problems is to match a bull to a cow or try artificial insemination.