The United States remains the world’s leading supplier of beef to the world. There is an abundance of pastureland in the middle of the nation that combines with raising of small herds of cattle on a family farm. In as much as it may be easy to raise animals, it has to be known that cattle face a variety of diseases. Diseases are more common among herds that are kept in a tight and enclosed location.
As a farmer, you have the duty to prevent the spread of diseases between animals, and from animals to humans. We have prepared this content to help readers and farmers understand the basics of hygiene and farm health planning measures that are set to help in prevention and mitigation of animal diseases. Common of the disease that affects livestock include;
Anthrax is a disease that naturally occurs in animals, and it is caused by a type of bacteria known as Bacillus anthracis. Animals and people get anthrax infection when they accidentally breathe in or swallow spores in contaminated food, soil or water. The greatest risk is to contact anthrax with bodily fluids of an animal that has recently died from anthrax. People living in areas infested by anthrax should consider vaccinating their livestock against the disease. The symptoms of anthrax are dependent on the way someone gets infected and can take between one day and two months to be discovered.
Brucellosis is a bacterial disease that affects the ability of an animal to reproduce. This disease spreads to humans through contact with birthing tissues of an infected animal or through drinking raw milk. Animals that are mostly infested by anthrax include sheep, goats, cattle, pigs, and dogs. Animals infected with anthrax may experience decreased appetite behavioral changes, weight loss and lack of energy. However, most of the animals infected with brucellosis do not show significant signs. If brucellosis is not attended in time, it may cause premature death to fetuses.
Cryptosporidiosis is a severe parasitic disease that is transmitted through contaminated food or water via an infected animal or human, and in particular their stool. The risk of this disease is significant if it is coming to a young calm. Infected animals will normally have a high risk of diarrhea. Other severe diseases that affect livestock include; Escherichia coli, Campylobacteriosis, influenza among others. Influenza is a severe viral disease that affects pets, people and wildlife.